Pilots and Teams: Aerial Spray Program – 1958 To 1993

Sources for details of the Forest Protection Limited / Department of Natural Resources come from both FPL and DNR annual reports. Additional details come from a draft report to FPL by William Seto, A History of Forest Protection Limited (1952 – 1992): To Protect the Forests (Seto 1995).

Hazel Clare, wife of Harold Hawes, sent me a summary of her husband’s time flying TBMs for FPL from 1962 to 1970, based on his log books [see the comment on the pilots page]. Details are below, although they sometimes disagree with the information presented.

1958

“The budworm control operation for 1958 was concentrated on 1.05 million ha of forests between the Saint John and upper Miramichi region.” It was such a great success that “forest experts believed it would be unnecessary to treat areas the following year as the outbreak had collapsed” (Seto 1995).

The 1958 operations included 850,000 acres of new high hazard forest in New Brunswick. Spraying began out of Fredericton on June 1 with 12 Avengers. They started cautiously, with the weather not very favourable. As soon as Juniper opened up, four Avengers moved north to that field. One Avenger pilot, Thomas Marston, was killed when his aircraft crashed and burned twenty miles southwest of Juniper during evening spraying on June 12.

Operations in Quebec lasted from June 9 until June 30, costing nearly $750,000 – $2.29/ha. A total of 26 aircraft treated 283,000 ha from Rimouski, Gaspe, Pabos, Farm Lake [all Quebec] and Charlo [New Brunswick] airstrips (Seto 1995).

In 1958, Maine began its second budworm program, covering about 122,000 ha in Aroostook County. Instead of supplying airplanes, FPL supplied Maine with 1.14 million litres of DDT and assisted in a consulting capacity. Applications in Maine were made by Simsbury Flying Services of Connecticut” with a fleet of eight TBMs and two Stearmans (Seto 1995).

This was the first year that TBMs operated in New Brunswick. A brief report from the FPL files, (Wheeler Air Lines Ltd.: Operation Budworm – 1958: Aircraft and Pilots) lists 12 TBMs, 6 plus a spare (untanked) from Wheeler and 6 from Skyway Air Services. (Seventy-six Stearmans also were part of the operation.) The report has been annotated by former FPL employee Don Henry (his annotations are in square brackets below).

Wheeler and Skyway TBMs that flew in New Brunswick in 1958 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilots* Company
500 CF-IMQ J.T.J. Zys Wheeler
501 CF-IMR Spare, with tank Wheeler
502 CF-IMS A. Boyce Wheeler
503 CF-IMT * R. Craven Wheeler
504 CF-IMU Untanked spare; scavenged for parts Wheeler
505 CF-IMV C.D. Hardwick Wheeler
506 CF-IMW C.I. Mason Wheeler
507 CF-IMX * M. Beleuse Wheeler
601 CF-IMI * J.C. Anderson Skyway
600 CF-IMJ * T. Marston (fatality) Skyway
602 CF-IMK [Rensinck, Crook] Skyway
603 CF-IML [Ellison, White] Skyway
604 CF-IMM Skyway
605 CF-IMN Skyway

* Pilots with previous experience with budworm projects. [Add Fewell and O’Rourke for Wheeler Air Lines (some pilots did not fly these aircraft.] [TBM pilot’s list does not agree with info from spray history.] [Known TBM teams: Beluse and Hardwick (Wheeler), Marston and White (Skyway), Rensinck and Crook (Skyway)] Pilot Marston was the first casualty of the New Brunswick budworm TBM spray program. A progress report from Wheeler’s Maintenance Division, dated April 28, 1958, and signed by Chief Engineer J. Luty provides a summary of planned maintenance activities for the upcoming spray season:

  1. The Avengers are being converted by Fairey Aviation of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, and will be ready by May 15. The first two will be ready for delivery by this date.
  2. All aircraft will be in first class condition with valid Certificates of Airworthiness. Each Avenger will be fitted with radio sets comprising a V.H.F. ARC-1 Transceiver and a Pye Transceiver.
  3. The six Skyway Avengers will be subject to inspection at Fredericton, NB, by the Department of Transportation (federal) and by Wheeler Airlines prior to their acceptance on the project.
  4. Wheeler Airlines will supply the following personnel: Chief Engineer (Eddy Austin), three licensed Air Engineers, and twenty mechanics, procured on a temporary basis from the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force. The Operations Manager will be George Lovett and the Managing Director is Bob Rychlicki.
  5. Skyways will provide 2 licensed engineers and six mechanics, overseen by Chief Project Engineer Eddy Austin, who will be responsible for all maintenance activities.
  6. Wheeler will have a spare Avenger, CF-IMU, which will be used as a flying spare should trouble develop in any of the other Avenger aircraft.
Wheeler (yellow) and Skyway Avengers at Fredericton Airport, 1958.

Wheeler (yellow) and Skyway Avengers at Fredericton Airport, 1958.

1959

It was such a great success that “forest experts believed it would be unnecessary to treat areas the following year as the outbreak had collapsed” (Seto 1995). Thus FPL did not conduct any operations in 1959.

1960

The 1960 operation began on May 26 and lasted until June 20. Twenty TBMs were flown. FIMS (Wheeler #502) flew in NB in 1960. It crashed in Quebec 21 June, 1960 while on the way from Dunphy airstrip to Quebec after finishing the FPL project for the season. [Don Henry] The same Wheeler and Skyway Avengers probably flew in New Brunswick this year.

In Maine, and area of 175,000 acres was covered with a spray fleet of six TBMs and one Stearman.

I used Don Henry’s original (2008) list of pilots who flew TBMs to obtain the names of pilots who flew in 1960:

Ball, Ed [Skyway Air Services]
Beluse, M. [Wheeler Air Lines]
Bowler
Craven, R.  [Wheeler Air Lines]
Culver
Fewell, J.  [Wheeler Air Lines]
Foote, Bert
Hardwick, C.D. [Wheeler Air Lines]
Hill, Don [Skyway Air Services]
Holland, Jim [Hillcrest Aircraft]
Jackson C., Wetaskiwin, Alberta
Jones
Korpatniki, Pat [Skyway Air Services]
Laird, Bob
Linkowich, Alex [Skyway Air Services]
Mason, C.I. [Wheeler Air Lines]
Musgrove [Gil?, Johnson F.S.?]
Norman, J.  [Wheeler Air Lines]
O’Rourke
Osen
Owens, Kenny [Reeder Flying Service]
Schas [Dave? Johnson Flying Service; Smith 1988]
Waldermire [Bob Waltermire? Johnson Flying Service?]
Walker
White [Skyway Air Services]
Wilson, Tommy [Skyway Air Services]

1961

24 TBMs flown. A two-page FPL report titled “1961 Spray Project” and dated March 12, 1962, listed the contractors, with details of gallons sprayed and money paid out. We have reason to suspect that these five companies were the ones that provided Avengers, although Wheeler also provided Stearmans. However, no numbers are given and no aircraft are identified. I speculate below about the number belonging to each contractor.

Contractor Gallons Sprayed Cost ($) No. of TBMs
Wheeler Airlines 395,283 117,390.17 7
Airspray Limited 84,491 117,390.17 2
Richel Air Limited 83,322 25,658.08 2
Simsbury Flying Service 114,380 34,632.02 3
Skyway Air Services Ltd. 661,035 199,780.68 10

Larry Milberry (pers. comm. 2008) tallied 10 Skyway Avengers: FIMK (#602), FIMM (#604), FIMN (#605), FKCH (#606), FKCJ (#607), FKCK (#608), FKCL (#609), FMSX (#610), FMSY (#611) and FMUE (#618), on May 22, 1961, in Cartierville, Quebec, while they were on a refuelling stop. His notes at the time said “En route to Fredericton, NB, for bud worm fighting. In actual fact, the Skyways TBMs travelled in three groups of four, making it a total of twelve that came to New Brunswick. [See the Skyways/Conair page for more details.

Simsbury had purchased three TBMs from the RCN in 1958 (later sold to Maritime Air Services), so I suspect that there were three Simsbury TBMs in NB in 1961. We know that Richel Air of Quebec purchased the two high-top Avengers from the RCN, so that makes two for them.

However, of Airspray’s two Avengers, FKYA crashed in New Brunswick in 1960 and there is no record of its sister aircraft, FKPJ, ever coming to NB. Perhaps it did? According to an article in Wings (online) [(Position Report: Vintage planes dousing flames. A position report on Air Spray. Wings)], Airspray’s fleet now included “a trio” of Avengers.

I used Don Henry’s original (2008) list of pilots who flew TBMs to obtain the names of pilots who flew in 1961:

Ball, Ed [Skyway Air Services]
Bowler
Cavoli
Cline
Crook [Skyway Air Services]
Davidson
Dyck
Fewell, J. [Wheeler Air Lines]
Folden
Foote, Bert
Hardwick, C.D. [Wheeler Air Lines]
Holland, Jim [Hillcrest Aircraft]
Jones
Korpatniki, Pat [Skyway Air Services]
Laird, Bob
Linkowich, Alex [Skyway Air Services]
Moffat
Musgrove [Gil?, Johnson F.S.?]
Owens, Kenny [Reeder Flying Service]
Storrs
Syme, Clarence “Clare”, Abbotsford, B.C.
Trunnell
Walker
Wilson, Tommy [Skyway Air Services]
Zahorsky, Z. [Wheeler Air Lines]

A new aerial spray method. In 1961 FPL developed an “aerial flagging” method of guiding its TBM-3E aircraft over spray blocks. Cessna aircraft were positioned ahead of the spray aircraft and acted as a flag post marking each line. The system used teams of four TBMs and 2 Cessnas [Flieger 1964]. This was the first aerial flagging system to be used for the guidance of spray aircraft. To accommodate the larger, faster TBM, spray blocks changed shape from irregular boundaries averaging 18 square km to square boundaries of 56 square km.

1962

No information on pilots and teams except for pilot Harold Hawes [Hazel Clare, pers. comm.]:

He began flying TBM’s in early May 1962 with familiarization and practice drops in Abbotsford on KCL then on May 19 headed for Dunphy with IMM, arriving there on May 22 . It seems he sprayed around Dunphy with IMM until the end of June then took the machine back to Abbotsford/Smithers area to do some fire bombing.

Of the 14 TBMs flown, probably all belonged to Wheeler and Skyway. By 1962, Wheeler had five TBMs remaining:

501 CF-IMR
503 CF-IMT
505 CF-IMV
506 CF-IMW
507 CF-IMX

Skyway probably had 16 TBMs flying in 1962. If all five Wheeler TBMs joined the spray team this year, then nine of the 16 Skyway TBMs would have flown in from British Columbia for the project, but which ones they were is not known to this author.

A line of five Avengers about to take off, 1962. [From “Can Science Save the Spruce”, The Star Weekly, Toronto, 18 August 1962]

A line of five Avengers about to take off, 1962. [From “Can Science Save the Spruce”, The Star Weekly, Toronto, 18 August 1962]

1963

Six TBMs flown, probably a combination of Skyway and Wheeler aircraft. At the start of the spray season, Wheeler had 4 TBMs remaining and Skyway had 16. Wheeler’s CF-IMT (#503) had crashed on May 2, 1963, so was not available for the spray season. Possibly J.D. Irving’s CF-IMO (#508) was used this year, making five TBMs. Only one TBM from Skyway was thus needed, but I do not have any confirmation of this speculation.

Hazel Clare writes about her husband, Harold Hawes:

In 1963 he was back spraying again in Dunphy this time with IMV. In early July/’63 however he flew KCL out to Prince George for fire bombing and used both KCL and MUD for that purpose.

Maine  Project – June 1963

Norm Ralston of Oregon sent me several images and files from when his dad, “Swede” Ralston and partner Ed Ball were pilot/owners of TBMs that sprayed spruce budworm in the 1950s and 1960s. From this I found evidence of a spruce budworm spray project in Maine that took place from 4 to 9 June of 1963. The project was based out of Presque Isle, which is just a few miles from the New Brunswick border west of Perth-Andover.

Maine 1963 - crew image

The spray pilots, flag pilots mechanics and Maine Forest Service personnel assembled for the Maine spruce budworm project, June 1963. The names are typed on the back of the image (see below). [via Norm Ralston]

Maine 1963 - crew names

From the personnel list we can glean that the following pilots and companies flew TBMs (Stearmans were also present) from this project, and that perhaps also worked in New Brunswick. Mechanics for each company were also present.

Hillcrest Aviation – Ed Ball, Clayt Curtis, Wayne Hughes, Kenny Owen

Johnson Flying Service – Frank Borgeson, Roy Green, Gil Musgrove

Simsbury Flying Service – George Bailey (Chief Pilot), Jim Holland, Bob Laird, and Zeke Zahorsky

1964

No information on pilots and teams. Of the 28 TBMs flown, 5 were from Wheeler Airlines, 9 were from the U.S. company Johnson Flying Service and 14 were from Skyway Air Services (their entire remaining fleet). Wheeler was the contractor for their own aircraft and for the Johnson aircraft while Skyway dealt directly with FPL. The J.D. Irving TBM, #508 CF-IMO, is often lumped in with the Wheeler aircraft.

Hazel Clare writes about her husband, Harold Hawes:

In the 1964 season he went to Dunphy spraying again, this time on KCH then on June 27 flew KCH with Pete Deck as passenger to Kapuskasing. The months of July & Aug. of ’64 he was fire bombing and practicing same in Smithers again with KCH.

Ray Green also flew out of Juniper for Johnson as chief pilot under Reindeer#1 team in 1964. I was a radio operator there and got to fly with him as a stowaway and flew from Juniper to Fredericton at the end of the project with Ray and the rest of the team. – Rhys W. Reynolds [comment below]

Project (TBM) No. Registration Company
501 CF-IMR Wheeler
505 CF-IMV Wheeler
506 CF-IMW Wheeler
507 CF-IMX Wheeler
508 CF-IMO J.D. Irving
601 CF-IMI Skyway
602 CF-IMK Skyway
604 CF-IMM Skyway
605 CF-IMN Skyway
606 CF-KCH Skyway
607 CF-KCJ Skyway
608 CF-KCK Skyway
609 CF-KCL Skyway
612 CF-MUD Skyway
614 CF-KCF Skyway
615 CF-KCG Skyway
616 CF-KCM Skyway
617 CF-KCN Skyway
618 CF-MUE Skyway
A14 N3249G Johnson
D6 N3251G Johnson
A21 N3969A Johnson
A12 N6824C Johnson
A11 N7014C Johnson
A7 N7015C Johnson
? N7016C Johnson
? N9010C Johnson
A6 N9597C Johnson

1965

No information on pilots and teams, although there is an FPL report titled “Aerial Forest Spraying Operations 1965” by B.W. Flieger and dated November 1965. A total of 19 TBMs flew out of Fredericton Airport and Juniper and Dunphy airstrips. Probably the same 14 Skyway Avengers and others from 1964 flew again in 1965. There were special preparations for the spraying of Phosphamidon in experimental areas, but this was done from Dunphy airstrip from the side opposite from the DDT storage to keep the work separated from the spraying of DDT. Four TBMs were brought in early so they could be calibrated for this experimental spray.

Hazel Clare writes about her husband, Harold Hawes:

The summer of 1965 he sprayed in Juniper with IMM then in July went fire bombing in Kamloops with KCF until the end of that season.

1966

A report from the FPL files, Forest Protection Limited 1966 Project Report on Aircraft Calibration by R.E. (Rudy) Hanusiak, lists the following 22 TBMs and pilots from the following: Wheeler Airlines (5), JD Irving (1), Johnson Flying Service (2), Skyway Air Services (14).

Hazel Clare writes about her husband, Harold Hawes:

On May 22, 1966 he flew KCH back from Abbotsford to Juniper and used it for spraying around Dunphy/Juniper area. He ended that season with a short flight from Dunphy to Fredericton in MUD on June 19.

TBM spray aircraft and pilots in New Brunswick in 1966 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilots Company
A11 N7014C Green Johnson
A13 N7922A Westmorland Skyway (with US registration)
A15 N3251G Shaughnessy Johnson
501 CF-IMR Fewell Wheeler
505 CF-IMV Norman Wheeler
506 CF-IMW Knudson Wheeler
507 CF-IMX Zahorsky Wheeler
508 CF-IMO B. Green J.D. Irving
601 CF-IMI Knights Skyway
602 CF-IMK Lebans Skyway
604 CF-IMM Linkewich Skyway
605 CF-IMN Cooper Skyway
606 CF-KCH Hawes Skyway
607 CF-KCJ Bezik Skyway
608 CF-KCK Hill Skyway
609 CF-KCL Langemann Skyway
612 CF-MUD Plawski Skyway
614 CF-KCF Sendra Skyway
615 CF-KCG Owen Skyway
616 CF-KCM Hodson Skyway
617 CF-KCN Ball Skyway
618 CF-MUE McGarrigle Skyway

1967

A report from the FPL files, Forest Protection Limited 1967 Project Report on Aircraft Calibration by R.E. (Rudy) Hanusiak, lists the following 13 TBMs and pilots: Wheeler Airlines (3 plus the JD Irving TBM), Skyway Air Services (9).

TBM spray aircraft and pilots in New Brunswick in 1967 for the aerial spray program.
Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilots Company
501 CF-IMR Knudson Wheeler
505 CF-IMV Zahorsky Wheeler
507 CF-IMX Zahorsky Wheeler
508 CF-IMO Green J.D. Irving
602 CF-IMK Lebans Skyway
604 CF-IMM Linkewich Skyway
605 CF-IMN Cooper Skyway
606 CF-KCH Knights Skyway
607 CF-KCJ Hodson Skyway
608 CF-KCK Hill Skyway
612 CF-MUD Plawski Skyway
615 CF-KCG Langemann Skyway
618 CF-MUE Lumsden Skyway
clip_image002

The Skyway TBM fleeet (9 aircraft) at Dunphy Airstrip, 1967.

clip_image004

Skyway TBMs #605 FIMN, #604 FIMM, #618 FMUE, probably one of the teams used that year, and an unknown TBM, 1967.

clip_image006

Wheeler Northland #505 in pits at Dunphy, 1967. The other two TBMs in the team belong to Skyway Air Services of Langley, BC.

1968

Six TBMs flew in two teams (no info on pilots) in New Brunswick in 1968 (Source: FPL files). FPL also agreed to act as an agent for the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador for a forest spraying project in July against the Hemlock Looper. FPL files say that 7 TBM flew this year. Possibly an additional aircraft helped out in the Newfoundland project, although it is not mentioned in the 1968 report.

Hazel Clare writes about her husband, Harold Hawes:

He did not fly TBM’s in 1967 but started again in 1968. On May 22,‘68 he set out with IMM again from Abbotsford to Dunphy and sprayed with it around Dunphy, St. John, Stephenville until the end of July of that year.

TBMs that flew in New Brunswick in 1968 for the aerial spray program. Team positions and pilots were not recorded in the information that I have.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Nylon 501 CF-IMR ? Wheeler-Northland
505 CF-IMV ? Wheeler-Northland
508 CF-IMO ? J.D. Irving
Whiskey 601 CF-IMI ? Skyway
602 CF-IMK ? Skyway
604 CF-IMM ? Skyway

1969

Table VII from the 1969 FPL report 1969 Spray Operations lists 26 TBMs used in the 1969 New Brunswick spray season. A photocopied handwritten table from the FPL files supplied by Don Henry lists 8 teams of TBMs and their pilots, including those from Conair Aviation (13), Wheeler-Northland (5), Maritime Air Service (3), Central (1), Richardson Aviation (1), Johnson Flying Service (3). The entire fleet operated out of three airfields in New Brunswick: Chipman, Dunphy and Juniper.

Hazel Clare writes about her husband, Harold Hawes:

In the 1969 season he went spraying again in Dunphy with IMO then flew IMX from Dunphy to Deer Lake NFLD on June 27th and continued to spray there until July 27 at which time he flew IMX to St. Jean Que,

TBMs that flew in New Brunswick and Newfoundland in 1969 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed. #602 is listed twice. Some of the aircraft known to have operated in Newfoundland are denoted by NF and all of those in New Brunswick by NB.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Jughead – Lead 616 NB CF-KCM Poole Conair
2 615 NB CF-KCG Peters Conair
3 614 NB CF-KCF Kydd Conair
Donkey – Lead 602* NB CF-IMK Langemann Conair
2 609 NB CF-KCL Archer Conair
3 601 NB CF-IMI Owen Conair
Whiskey – Lead 619 NB CF-MXN Melhaeff Conair
2 604 NB CF-IMM Froese Conair
3 606 NB CF-KCH Almond Conair
Playboy – Lead 617 NB CF-KCN Cooper Conair
2 602* NB CF-IMK Syme Conair
3 605 NB CF-IMN Grunniger Conair
Woodchuck – Lead 112 (N2C) NB N7032C R. Richardson Richardson
2 61 NB 8 CF-MUE Truran Conair
3 111 (N1C) NB N7031C A.B. Roberts Central
Billy Goat – Lead A11 NB + NF N7014C Ray Green Johnson
2 A15 NB + NF N3251G Bob Graves Johnson
3 D6 NB + NF N9597C Bill Deming Johnson
Ping Pong – Lead 507 NB CF-IMX J. Fewell Wheeler-Northland
2 506 NB CF-IMW C. Marcoux Wheeler-Northland
3 505 NB CF-IMV A. Skidmore Wheeler-Northland
Nylon – Lead 501 NB CF-IMR J. Holland Wheeler-Northland
2 900 NB + NF CF-XOM S. Tomecek Maritime
3 508 NB CF-IMO H. Hawes J.D. Irving
Spare 612 NB CF-MUD  — Conair
Spare 911 NB + NF CF-XON  — Maritime
Spare 922 NB + NF CF-XOO White Maritime
NEWFOUNDLAND 55 NF N7075C  — Reeder
56 NF N7076C  — Reeder
D8 (possibly) NF N4168A  — Reeder
D6 NF N9010C  — Hillcrest
D7 (possibly) NF N7028C  — Hillcrest
clip_image008

Billy Goat team at Dunphy, NB, 1969. From left to right (in front): #D6 N9597C, #A15 N3251G and #A11 N7114C.

The Deer Lake, Newfoundland, Image

A fleet of 19 TBM operated from Gander and Deer Lake Airports in Newfoundland to spray for Hemlock Looper. Sometimes all we have to go on for evidence of an aircraft’s presence in a certain location at a certain time is photographic evidence or a list of teams. This photograph, taken by Don Henry, I believe, shows 12 of 19 Avengers parked at Deer Lake Airport on the west coast of Newfoundland’s Avalon Peninsula in 1969. This was undoubtedly taken from the airport control tower. I have positive ids for most of these aircraft:

clip_image010

  • Rear: The two yellow and black aircraft, one in the last row and one way at the back, are N7031C (Airway #111) and N7032C (Richardson #112), but which one is which cannot be determined.
  • Back row (l to r): 2 Reeder Avengers: #56 N7076C and #55 N7075C
  • Middle row (l to r): 3 Johnson Avengers: #A15 N3251G, #D6 (large) N9597C and #A11 N7014C (with bat on tail)
  • Front row (l to r): Hillcrest #D6 (small) N9010C (rooster on nose), possibly Hillcrest #D7 N7028C and possibly Reeder #D8 N4168A
  • Runway: very likely Maritime Air Service #900 FXOM (right) and #911 FXON.
clip_image012

Johnson #A15 at Deer Lake, Newfoundland, July 1969. On the right is Johnson #A11 N7014C (later GLEP) and on the left is Johnson #D6 N9597C, comprising the Billy Goat team. [Steve Holmes]

TBMs at Gander Airport, Newfound-land, July 1969.

TBMs at Gander Airport, Newfoundland, July 1969.

1970

Appendix V from the 1970 FPL report Forest Spraying Operations – 1970 lists the TBMs used in the 1970 spray season by aircraft project number; it is in fact the same list as used in 1969 with a note at the bottom saying “this prescription is for 1970”. The 1970 hand-written calibration list and two photocopied handwritten tables from the FPL files supplied by Don Henry (which lists 9 teams of TBMs and their pilots) include three additional TBMs (#110, #A14, #56) for a total of 27. JD Irving’s TBM #508 FIMO was also present.

Hazel Clare writes about her husband, Harold Hawes:

In 1970 (May 23rd) he flew IMX from St. Jean to Dunphy to start the spraying season. There is a short flight noted in his log from Dunphy to Chipman on May 23, then on what looks like May 28th he lost control while taking off from a muddy strip and bent up the prop on IMX.  That apparently ended the spraying season for him and for that matter he never flew TBM’s again after that.

TBMs that flew in New Brunswick and Newfoundland in 1969 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Zebra – Lead 112 (N2C) N7032C Richardson Richardson
2 110 N68683 Poteet Hillcrest
3 111 (N1C) N7031C Gunns (fatality) Central
Ping Pong – Lead 505 CF-IMV Skidmore Wheeler-Northland
2 507 CF-IMX Graves Wheeler-Northland
3 501 CF-IMR Rowe Wheeler-Northland
Donkey – Lead 605 CF-IMN Langemann Conair
2 604 CF-IMM Weslowsky Conair
3 614 CF-KCF Smith Conair
Jughead – Lead 615 CF-KCM Poole Conair
2 616 CF-KCG Grosenick Conair
3 606 CF-KCH Almond Conair
Playboy – Lead 612 CF-MUD Truran Conair
2 618 CF-MUE Syme Conair
3 619 CF-MXN Zimmer Conair
Rabbit – Lead 506 CF-IMW Marcoux Wheeler-Northland
2 911 CF-XON Paton Maritime
3 900 CF-XOM Lavigne Maritime
Billy Goat – Lead A11 N7014C Green Johnson
2 A14 N3249G Page Johnson
3 D6 N9597C Demming Johnson
Whiskey – Lead 601 CF-IMI Grunigar Conair
2 602 CF-IMK Boston Conair
3 609 CF-KCL Smeed Conair
Nylon – Lead 617 CF-KCN Owen Conair
2 56 N7076C Archer Reeder
3 CF-AYL Retfalvy Norfolk
Spare 508 N4168A Reeder
Crashed Dunphy airstrip A15 N3251G Graves Johnson
Maine contract A23 N7028C ? Hillcrest
Maine contract A18 N4173A ? Hillcrest
Maine contract A9 N9586Z ? Hillcrest
clip_image014

The Whiskey Team: Conair TBMs #609 FKCL, #601 FIMI and #602 FIMK in formation, 1970.

clip_image016

The Nylon team, Dunphy airstrip, 1970: Conair TBM #617, Reeder TBM #56 N7076C (left) and Norfolk TBM #58 FAYL (in back).

clip_image018

The Pink (pointers) – Rabbit (TBMs) team at Juniper airstrip, 1970. Maritime Air Services TBM #911 FXON is in front, with MAS TBM #900 FXOM at rear. The tail of the other member of the team, Wheeler FIMW #506, can be seen at far right. L to R: Joe Gagne (Cessna #1 pilot), Doug Johnson (pointer #1), Dave Scott (pointer #2), Jim Thompson (Cessna #2 pilot), Claude Marcoux (Lead TBM FIMW pilot), John Lavigne (#3 TBM FXON pilot), Barry Paton (#2 TBM FXOM pilot). It was pilot Lavigne who painted the Bugs Bunny cartoons on the three TBMs.

1971

Sources were two handwritten team and pilot lists provided from the FPL files by Don Henry; one dated 12 June 1971 (one page) and the other (two pages) undated. Some of the teams differed between the two lists, indicating that conditions and personnel were certainly changeable. Another source was a table entitled N.B. & Quebec Spruce Budworm Projects: United States Registered Grumman TBM-3 Aircraft – 1971, compiled by Evergreen Air Service Ltd.

A total of 20 Canadian and 25 US TBMs were contracted to fly in NB and Quebec. Air Tankers’ TBM #B14 N9599C was contracted to spray in NB but crashed in Iowa on 20 May 1971 before arriving; a BC TBM also crashed on the outward ferry and returned to BC.

In 1971 mixing plants and aircraft were based at Maniwaki, Lacs-des-Loups, and a bush airstrip built near Lac Nilgaut, in Western Quebec, specifically the extensive Gatineau area north of Ottawa, Ontario, and Montreal, Quebec. Forest Protection Limited conducted the operation. Nine TBMs were divided into three teams and assigned to each airport/airstrip, and were to spray 2 million acres. To speed up the operation, a fourth team was added from New Brunswick during the last five days.

TBMs were used exclusively in 1971 (June 11-12) in the Temiscouata region, which is located near the northwest border of New Brunswick. The program was conducted by Forest Protection Limited using TBMs based in Edmundston, NB.

TBMs that flew in New Brunswick in 1971 for the aerial spray program. Source: List 1 dated 12 June 1971. Those that appear on List 2 (an earlier or later list) are marked with an X under the team column. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Raccoon – Lead A18 N4173A Holland Hillcrest
2 A23 N7028C Fagan Hillcrest
3 A25 N68683 Poteet Hillcrest
Ping Pong – Lead X 505 CF-IMV Skidmore Evergreen
2 X 507 CF-IMX Archer Evergreen
3 X 501 CF-IMR Beckon Evergreen
Whisky – Lead 501 CF-IMR Tomecek Evergreen
2 71 N7229C Chase Hemet Valley
3 112 N7032C Watson Richardson
Ringtail – Lead 52 N9434Z Knudson Hemet Valley
2 72 N3357G Norman Hemet Valley
3 37 N6825C Payton Hemet Valley
Playboy – Lead X 612 CF-MUD Truran Conair
2 X 609 CF-KCL Tweed Conair
3 X 605 CF-IMN Boulton Conair
Zebra – Lead 3 X 58 (Firefly – Lead X) N4168A Owen Reeder
2 CF-AYL Sytsma Norfolk
3 911 CF-XON Harrington Hicks & Lawrence
Gourmet – Lead E28 N68663 Plawski Sis-Q
2 E27 N1369N Sward Sis-Q
3 E26 N9078Z (salvaged) Carr Sis-Q
Jughead – Lead X 615 CF-KCG Froese Conair
2 X 606 CF-KCH Robb Conair
3 X 604 CF-IMM Grosenick Conair
Firefly – Lead 56 N7076C Duncan Reeder
2 25 N9590Z Adami Hillcrest
3 716 CF-ZTA Retfalvy Miramichi
Nylon – Lead 618 CF-MUE Fewell Conair
2 619 CF-MXN MacLagan Conair
3 601 CF-IMI Kelly Conair
Donkey – Lead 614 CF-KCF Smith Conair
2 602 CF-IMK Raun Conair
3 617 CF-KCN Rowe Conair
Panther – Lead 57 (Firefly 3 X) N9429Z Graves Reeder
2 11 N4171A Lawrence Reeder
Hobnail – Lead A14 N3249G M. Owen Johnson
2 A12 N6824C Porter Johnson
3 A13 N9010C Page Johnson
Billy Goat – Lead A11 N7014C Green Johnson
2 D7 N7015C Komberec Johnson
3 D6 N9597C Demming Johnson
Reindeer – Lead A9 N9586Z Reid Hillcrest
2 B15 N7002C Otis Air Tankers
3 55 N7075C Laudert Reeder
Crashed in Iowa en route to NB B14 N9599C B. Bauer (fatality) Air Tankers
clip_image020

Hemet Valley Flying Service TBMs #E52 N9434Z and #E72 N3357G (in back), part of the Ringtail team, Dunphy airstrip, 1971.

clip_image022

Dunphy, 1971. The third aircraft is Reeder TBM #58 N4168A; the number 58 can be clearly seen on the left wing. The others are #911 FXON (wing) and Norfolk’s FAYL. and together they comprise the Zebra team. [Merrill McBride collection]

 1972

Sources for TBM teams and pilots are five handwritten and typed lists provided by Don Henry from the FPL files. Most are working copies and have deletions and amendments showing changes in teams, pointers and pilots. I have attempted to combine them into one table that shows the distribution of TBM teams across projects in NB, Quebec and Maine. Some aircraft show up more than once because of their assignments to different teams and projects.

The total number of TBMs in the sprayer fleet was 44, and all were calibrated in New Brunswick at Dunphy Airstrip. Twenty-four TBMs began work from five fields in NB, concentrated in the early days from from Sussex and Blissville and gradually moving to Juniper and Sevogle where most were working during the last week. Dunphy had a small number working throughout the season.

Experimental B.t. trials concerning spruce budworm were conducted in western Quebec by a fleet of 18 TBMs with boom-and-nozzle and associated guidance aircraft. Western Quebec comprises the extensive Gatineau area north of Ottawa, Ontario, and Montreal, Quebec. TBMs were also used to spray jack-pine budworm based at Lacs-des-Loups airport, Quebec. Anticosti Island, a large Quebec island situated in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence between the Gaspe Peninsula and Newfoundland, suffered a hemlock looper infestation and was sprayed in 1972 and 1973. Spraying operations were conducted by FPL using 15 TBMs in 1972 and other aircraft in 1973; these were based at Port Menier airport.

Spraying in Maine was conducted by a fleet of three TBMs and 10 PV2s.

Parked TBMs at Sevogle, NB, 1972: #11 N4171A, #22 N7032C (will become GFPS), Reeder #58 N4168A, Miramichi Air Service #A23 FZTS, and Miramichi Air Service #A18 FZTR. Pilot Kenny Owen is walking at right. [Merrill McBride collection]

Parked TBMs at Sevogle, NB, 1972: #11 N4171A, #22 N7032C (will become GFPS), Reeder #58 N4168A, Miramichi Air Service #A23 FZTS, and Miramichi Air Service #A18 FZTR. Pilot Kenny Owen is walking at right. [Merrill McBride collection]

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick (and Quebec and Maine) in 1972 for the aerial spray program. Quebec: TBMs flew out of Manawaki and Lac des Loups. Quebec locations (√) also included Anticosti Island for a Hemlock Looper project (√ A). Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company NB Quebec
Jughead – Lead 615 CF-KCG Rowe Conair
2 601 CF-IMI Langemann Conair
3 505 CF-IMV Skidmore Evergreen
Jughead – Lead 604 CF-IMM Wood Conair √ A
2 601 CF-IMI Langemann Conair √ A
3 617 CF-KCN Yuill Conair √ A
Playboy – Lead (NB) 612 CF-MUD Truran Conair
2 602 CF-IMK Robb Conair
3 606 CF-KCH Paul Conair
Ping Pong – Lead 618 CF-MUE Fewell Conair
2 604 CF-IMM Wood Conair
3 617 CF-KCN Yuill Conair
Ping Pong – Lead 506 CF-IMW Kelly Evergreen
2 507 CF-IMX Gilland Evergreen
3 501 CF-IMR Archer Evergreen
Ping Pong – Lead 618 CF-MUE Cooper Conair √ A
2 606 CF-KCH Paul Conair √ A
3 505 CF-IMV Skidmore Evergreen √ A
Firefly – Lead A23 CF-ZTS Grunniger Miramichi
2 A18 CF-ZTR McBride Miramichi
3 716 CF-ZTA Retfalvy Miramichi
Donkey – Lead A23 CF-ZTS Grunniger Miramichi
2 A25 N68683 Retfalvy Miramichi
3 716 CF-ZTA McBride Miramichi
Billy Goat – Lead A11 N7014C Green Johnson
2 D7 N7015C Komberec Johnson
3 D6 N9597C Demming Johnson
Raccoon – Lead 55 N7075C Laudert Reeder
2 56 N7076C O’Brien Reeder (salvaged)
3 52 N9434Z Knudson Hemet Valley
Reindeer – Lead 58 N4168A K. Owen Reeder
2 22 N7032C Graves Richardson
3 11 N4171A Gossett Reeder
Hobnail – Lead A12 N6824C M. Owen Johnson
2 A14 N3249G Denton Johnson
3 A13 N9010C Porter Johnson
Nylon – Lead 506 CF-IMW Kelly Evergreen √ A
2 507 CF-IMX Gilland Evergreen √ A
3 501 CF-IMR Archer Evergreen √ A
Nylon – Lead 605 CF-IMN Boulton Conair
2 603 CF-AGL Smeed (fatality) Conair
3 607 CF-AGN Buchanan Conair
Gourmet – Lead 25 N68663 Fagan Sis-Q
2 26 N9078Z Cranford Sis-Q
3 27 N1369N Payton Sis-Q
Ringtail – Lead 17 CF-XON Harrington Hicks & Lawrence
2 74 N7833C Johnson Hemet Valley
3 68 N5168N Woodmansee Hemet Valley
Whisky – Lead (Quebec) 609 CF-KCL Smith Conair
2 619 CF-MXN Grosenick Conair
3 607 CF-AGN Pearson Conair
Zebra – Lead 001 CF-AYL Systma Norfolk
2 2 CF-AXS Losee Norfolk
3 5 CF-AYG Falkowski Norfolk
Turkey – Lead (Maine – not an FPL contract) A25 N68683 Reid Miramichi
2 57 N9429Z Adami Reeder
3 19 N9586Z Craig Hillcrest
Lost on ferry to Quebec CF-BQS Woytaz Hicks & Lawrence
clip_image024

Merrill McBride in the cockpit of FZTS #A23, 1972.

Concerning Merrill McBride

Louis Sytsma (2011) Reply posted toFAYL page. Boy this brings back some old memories. I was the pilot who flew AYL in 71-72. After that I flew for Irving Oil. I was in the area when Merrill McBride went down. That was a very sad day. I knew Merrill since he looked after AYL maintenance in 71. He was a real fine person.

Posted by Glen McBride [Merrill’s son] to TBMs – Mil & Civ, 21 Nov 2014. I thought you guys might like a glimpse of what it was like flying in New Brunswick so I have taken a few excerpts from my father’s log book. Some days he logged 6 or 7 flights averaging a little over an hour each. As he was also a mechanic he probably flew more ‘sick’ aircraft than many and that might explain some of the entries:
Apr 27, 1972 CF-ZTS – Hamilton – Gross weight take off – Inadvertent overload, marginal take-off
Jun 16, 1972 CF-ZTR – Runway accident – Aircraft damaged in bush off runway (I remember hearing something about a locked tailwheel but I’m not sure about the cause)
Jul 3, 1972 CF-ZTA – Dunphy NB to Chatham NB– Emergency landing, engine cutting
Dec 2, 1972 CF-BEG – Test flight – Simsbury – No gen, flap or U/C indicators. Fuel will not feed from C. main, lost part of canopy in flight, aileron trim broke loose causing severe vibration. Nice trip.
Jul 5, 1972 CF-ZTA – Spray block 31 – Returned losing oil badly
Jul 5, 1972 CF-ZTA – Spray block 31 – Aborted, returned losing oil badly, full load landing
Jul 6, 1972 CF-ZTA – Spray block 18 – Blew tank on block, fuel gauges unserviceable
Jul 6, 1972 CF-ZTA – Aborted – spray system unserviceable, full load landing

Jul 5, 1972 CF-ZTA – Aborted – Engine cutting out on block
Jul 12, 1972 CF-ZTA – Havre St. Pierre [on the north shore of the St. Lawrence, R., Quebec, due north of Anticosti Is. – ed.] to Dunphy – Blew exhaust stack, no tach
May 27, 1973 CF-ZTA – Aborted trip, spray unserviceable (landed with full load)
 Andy Retfalvy flew spare A/C to Blissville, right U/C leg hung up, forced to belly in (this was probably CF-BEG)
June 6, 1973 – CF-ZTA – Spray block #1 – Came home with rough engine.
 Donkey 3, John Prast, lost engine on T.O., stalled into trees, complete write-off (CF-ZTS). Cracked vertebrae and ankle.

1973

Sources for the list of pilots and teams include a typewritten list from Conair dated May 1973 showing their planned teams and a handwritten and annotated list from FPL. Adult budworm moths were sprayed in 1973 in the St. Leonard and St. Quentin areas of northern NB by TBMs equipped with boom-and-flat-fan nozzles.

TBMs were used exclusively in 1973 (June 6) in the Temiscouata region, which is located near the northwest border of New Brunswick. The program was conducted by Forest Protection Limited using TBMs based in Edmundston, NB. In 1973, spraying was conducted by three Conair Aviation TBMs and two Canadair CL-215 water bombers owned by the Quebec Department of Transport. The Avenger’s capacity was increased slightly and the boom-and-nozzle assembly was moved above the wings, resulting in a wider spray swath (½ vs. ¼ mile). Further, an experimental B.t. spray was conducted by TBM and CL-215 aircraft equipped with boom-and-nozzle.

There was no spraying by FPL in Quebec as that province undertook its spray program without FPL assistance.

Total number of TBMs was 18, with one spare, the same as in 1972 except for the following (Flieger letter to Air Transport Committee). The most significant change was Conair, which dropped to 7 from 13.
Operator 1972 1973
Conair, Abbotsford, BC 13 (1 lost, not replaced) 7
Norfolk Aerial Sprayers, Simcoe, Ont. 3 3
Evergreen Air Service, Pierrefonds, Que. 4 4
Hicks & Lawrence, Tilsonburg, Ont. 2 (1 lost, not replaced) 1
Miramichi Air Service, Douglastown, NB 3 (1 lost, replaced by import) 3

This was the first year that the number of TBMs available in Canada exceeded the New Brunswick spruce budworm requirement, and thus was the last year that US TBMs flew in NB, until 1981 and 1982.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1973 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed. The spare, TBM #18, replaced #A23 in the Donkey Team after it was destroyed in a crash in June.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Playboy – Lead 606 CF-KCH Paul + Marsden Conair
2 601 CF-IMI Robb Conair
3 618 CF-MUE Westwood Conair
Jughead – Lead 612 CF-MUD Wood Conair
2 615 CF-KCG Richards Conair
3 602 CF-IMK Gossett Conair
Brandy – Lead 506 CF-IMW Kelly Evergreen
2 501 CF-IMR Archer Evergreen
3 609 CF-KCL Yuill Conair
Ping Pong – Lead 505 CF-IMV Gilland Evergreen
2 17 CF-XON Haradon Hicks & Lawrence
3 507 CF-IMX Yaworsky Evergreen
Donkey – Lead A25 CF-BEF Tomecek Miramichi
2 A23 CF-ZTS Prast Miramichi
3 716 CF-ZTA McBride Miramichi
Zebra – Lead 5 CF-AYG Falkowski Norfolk
2 2 CF-AXS Losee Norfolk
3 CF-AYL Gallagher Norfolk
Spare 18 CF-XOM Martindale Hicks & Lawrence

1974

Sources for the list of pilots and teams include two handwritten and annotated lists from FPL, referred to below as 1 and 2 after the team name. The first listed 6 teams that were planned for the season. The second list dropped the Jughead and Ping Pong teams after crashes resulted in the loss of 4 Avengers and the redistribution of pilots and aircraft but listed one (#716) that crashed later.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1974 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed. Text in italics indicates teams on second list.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Jughead – Lead 606 CF-KCH Richards Conair
2 609 CF-KCL Brown Conair
3 612 CF-MUD Blyth Conair
Whisky1 – Lead 607 CF-AGN Losee Conair
2 618 CF-MUE Holmes Conair
3 616 CF-KCM Duch Conair
Whisky2 – Lead 607 CF-AGN Losee Conair
2 616 CF-KCM Davis Conair
3 21 CF-BQT Godby Hicks & Lawrence
Tiger1 – Lead A25 CF-BEF Tomecek (salvaged) Miramichi
2 01 CF-BEG Bisson Miramichi
3 716 CF-ZTA McBride Miramichi
Tiger2 – Lead 716 CF-ZTA McBride (fatality) Miramichi
2 01 CF-BEG Gallagher Miramichi
3 18 CF-XOM Mereien Hicks & Lawrence
Zebra1 – Lead B15 C-GOBJ Falkowski Norfolk
2 B19 C-GOBK Angus Norfolk
3 2 CF-AXS Inman Norfolk
Zebra2 – Lead 2 CF-AXS Angus Norfolk
2 5 CF-AYG Inman Norfolk
3 B19 C-GOBK Falkowski Norfolk
Brandy1 – Lead 506 CF-IMW Kelly Evergreen
2 17 CF-XON Godby Hicks & Lawrence
3 18 CF-XOM Mereien Hicks & Lawrence
Brandy2 – Lead 506 CF-IMW Kelly Evergreen
2 505 CF-IMV Gilland Evergreen
3 501 CF-IMR Marcoux Evergreen
Ping Pong – Lead 505 CF-IMV Gilland Evergreen
1 501 CF-IMR Martindale + Archer Evergreen
2 507 CF-IMX Becon Evergreen

1975

Sources for this list of pilots and teams are the 1975 FPL Annual Report and a handwritten and annotated list from FPL. FPL “dry leased” its aircraft to Evergreen Air Services, which operated them under contract, as FPL was not yet a licensed aircraft operator. A total of 32 TBMs were operated in NB during the spray program. The 1975 annual report was the first of a series of much more detailed reports that described every aspect of FPL and its operations, spearheaded by new General Manager H.J. “Bud” Irving.

TBMs at Fredericton, 11 August, 1975. [Barrie MacLeod]

TBMs at Fredericton, 11 August, 1975. [Barrie MacLeod]

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1975 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Tiger – Lead 18 CF-XOM Mereien Hicks & Lawrence
2 E27 C-GLEF Popham + Lippott FPL
3 21 CF-BQT Craven Hicks & Lawrence
Billygoat – Lead A7 C-GLEQ Green + Gummer FPL
2 A11 C-GLEP Gummer + Green FPL
3 A13 C-GLEL Glass FPL
Whiskey – Lead 607 CF-AGN Losee Conair
2 615 CF-KCG Maike Conair
3 616 CF-KCM Hyland Conair
Brandy – Lead 612 CF-MUD Inman + Truran Conair
2 609 CF-KCL Smith + Wood Conair
3 618 CF-MUE McMaster Conair
Raccoon – Lead 605 CF-IMN Holmes Conair
2 602 CF-IMK Beecroft Conair
3 601 CF-IMI White Conair
Ping Pong – Lead 506 CF-IMW Kelly Evergreen
2 505 CF-IMV Gilland Evergreen
3 501 CF-IMR Marcoux Evergreen
Playboy – Lead A14 C-GLEN Inman FPL
2 E33 C-GLEH Stuart FPL
3 E25 C-GLEG Darran + Archer FPL
Jughead – Lead A6 C-GLEM Archer FPL
2 E24 C-GLEJ Kirschke FPL
3 A12 C-GLEK Foote + Davis FPL
Donkey – Lead 01 CF-BEG Bisson Hicks & Lawrence
2 B19 C-GOBK Vallée Norfolk
3 B16 C-GOEG Ragany Norfolk
Zebra – Lead B18 C-GLDX Angus Norfolk
2 5 CF-AYG McIlwaine Norfolk
Listed in Annual Report – 3? B2 C-FAXS Shalala Norfolk
Crashed before season began, not listed in Annual Report E26 C-GLEI Inman FPL
Crashed, listed in Annual Report 20 C-FZYC Koerfgren Hicks & Lawrence
Crashed, listed in Annual Report A25 C-FBEF Biro Miramichi

In late June of 1975, FPL provided three TBMs to DNR for fire bombing:

#14 C-GLEK pilot F. Gilland
#6 C-GLEM pilot J. Kirschke
#A14 C-GLEN pilot J. Inman

Sixty loads were hauled from Dunphy Airstrip from 29 June to 2 July on four separate fires over 38.25 hours. FPL also provided the Newfoundland Forest Service with two TBMs equipped for water bombing. The two TBMs [id not known] were stationed on stand-by at Gander Airport from 5 July to 10 July. No fires were fought. Pilots were C. Glass and R. Mereien.

1976

This was FPL’s biggest project ever. For more details, see the discussion in the Introduction.

Sources for this list of pilots and aircraft were the 1976 FPL Annual Report, a preliminary handwritten list, and a typed list dated 19 July 1976, compiled after the completion of the spray season by Don Henry, Operation Coordinator for FPL. The table below is based on the final typed list. FPL again “dry leased” its aircraft from Evergreen Air Services. A total of 38 TBMs were operated in NB during the spray program.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1976 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Brandy – Lead 615 C-FKCG Maike + Stuart Conair
2 618 C-FMUE McMaster Conair
3 609 C-FKCL Hutcheon Conair
Zebra – Lead B20 C-FAYG Losee Norfolk
2 B18 C-GLDX Hartwanger Norfolk
3 B15 C-GOBJ Vermeulen Norfolk
Billygoat – Lead A13 C-GLEL Deming FPL
2 A6 C-GLEM Oswald FPL
3 A11 C-GLEP Greene FPL
Raccoon – Lead 97 C-GFPO Creasey FPL
2 68 C-GFPQ Peck FPL
3 74 C-GFPN Tall FPL
Kahuna – Lead A14 C-GLEN Inman FPL
2 A7 C-GLEQ Potter FPL
3 A12 C-GLEK Kirschke FPL
Tango – Lead 612 C-FMUD Wood Conair
2 607 C-FAGN White Conair
3 616 C-FKCM Tyerman Conair
Tiger – Lead B16 C-GOEG Ragany Norfolk
2 B17 C-FAXS Koerfgen Norfolk
3 B19 C-GOBK Vallee Norfolk
Baseball – Lead 72 C-GFPR Gossett FPL
2 52 C-GFPP Lapham FPL
3 E30 C-GFPT Mcknight FPL
Jughead – Lead 605 C-FIMN Smith Conair
2 601 C-FIMI Beecroft Conair
3 602 C-FIMK Atkins Conair
Panther – Lead 18 C-FXOM Merein Hicks & Lawrence
FBQT was also a spare – 2 21 C-FBQT Craven Hicks & Lawrence
No third TBM in this team
Ping Pong – Lead E26 C-FIMV Gilland FPL
2 E25 C-FIMR Kelly FPL
3 E33 C-GLEH Garon FPL
Firefly – Lead E32 C-GFPS Crocker FPL
2 E27 C-GLEF Payton FPL
3 E21 C-GFPM Watson FPL
Whiskey – Lead E22 C-GFPL Stuart + Bisson FPL
2 E24 C-GLEJ McIllwaine FPL
No third TBM in this team
Spare 01 C-FBEG Bisson Miramichi

clip_image026

FPL’s fleet of 24 TBMs on display at the Fredericton Airport, 22 June, 1976. The FPL hangar and offices are in the blue building at top left.

Prior to the completion of the 1976 larval spraying project, DNR was contacted regarding the utilization of FPL aircraft as fire bombers during the remainder of the fire season. As a result, an agreement was drawn up whereby FPL would supply suitably equipped aircraft, maintenance, pilots and necessary administration for an initial fee for conversion, plus a daily rate, plus an hourly rate for hours flown. DNR provided board and lodging for pilots and maintenance crew plus gasoline and oil consumed by the aircraft involved.

Two TBMs [id not known] were converted, were on stand-by for two days and flew approximately three hours.

A long row of TBMs at Blissville, May 1976.

A long row of TBMs at Blissville, May 1976.

The other end of the long row of TBMs at Blissville, May 1976.

The other end of the long row of TBMs at Blissville, May 1976.

TBMs stored at Fredericton, Fall 1976.

TBMs stored at Fredericton, Fall 1976.

1977

Sources for this list of pilots and aircraft were the 1977 FPL Annual Report, a preliminary handwritten list and a typed list. A total of 36 TBMs were operated in NB during the spray program. In early August, an agreement was reached with J.D. Irving Limited’s Woodlands Division whereby FPL would supply one TBM for about 20 hours of flying time to spray herbicide in the Juniper – Boston Brook area. Actual flying time was 15.3 hours.

On March 24, Barney W. Flieger died in hospital after a short illness. Mr. Flieger was manager of FPL from its formation in 1952 to his retirement in 1975.

No firebombing was conducted by FPL in 1977. Stand-by procedures were drawn up but never initiated.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1977 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
DUNPHY
Billygoat – Lead A13 C-GLEL Deming FPL
2 A7 C-GLEQ Potter (fatality) FPL
3 A11 C-GLEP Greene FPL
Donkey – Lead A14 C-GLEN Inman FPL
2 E21 C-GFPM Komberec FPL
3 A12 C-GLEK Kirschke FPL
Playboy – Lead E33 C-GLEH Maike FPL
2 E32 C-GFPS McIlwaine FPL
3 E22 C-GFPL Gomany FPL
Firefly – Lead E24 C-GLEJ Archer FPL
2 A6 C-GLEM Houghton FPL
3 E27 C-GLEF Payton FPL
BLISSVILLE
Raccoon – Lead 74 C-GFPN Tall FPL
2 68 C-GFPQ Westinghouse FPL
3 E26 C-FIMV Richards FPL
Tango – Lead 618 C-FMUE Marcoux Conair
2 E25 C-FIMR Gummer FPL
3 E52 C-GFPP Jorgenson FPL
Ping Pong – Lead 612 C-FMUD Wood Conair
2 616 C-FKCM Tyerman Conair
3 607 C-FAGN Nelson Conair
BOSTON BROOK
Zebra – Lead B20 C-FAYG Losee Norfolk
2 B18 C-GLDX Hartwanger Norfolk
3 B15 C-GOBJ Vermeulen Norfolk
Tiger – Lead B16 C-GOEG Ragany Norfolk
2 B17 C-FAXS Wilkie Norfolk
3 B19 C-GOBK Vallee Norfolk
Jughead – Lead 602 C-FIMK Tomecek Conair
2 605 C-FIMN Stad Conair
3 609 C-FKCL Atkins Conair
Brandy – Lead 601 C-FIMI Beecroft Conair
2 1 C-FBEG Kelly Hicks & Lawrence
3 18 C-FXOM Mereien Hicks & Lawrence
CHARLO
Whiskey-Lead E30 C-GFPT McKnight FPL
2 97 C-GFPO Koerfgen FPL
3 72 C-GFPR Jewers FPL
TBM fleet of 13 at Boston Brook airstrip - pits and aircraft parking area, June 1977.

TBM fleet of 13 at Boston Brook airstrip – pits and aircraft parking area, June 1977.

1978

Sources for this list of pilots and aircraft were the 1978 FPL Annual Report and a typed and annotated list.

A total of 33 TBMs were operated in NB during the spray program. FPL also purchased a Harvard Mark IIA (C-FTSV) to train TBM pilots. One TBM was supplied to Dr. Jules Picot of the University of New Brunswick’s Engineering Department for experimental spray trials out of Blissville airstrip (May 7-13 and July 2-13). One TBM was contracted to J.D. Irving Ltd. to spray herbicide at Boston Brook (July 29 – August 12).

In September 1977 preparations for the repainting of aircraft to a fleet standard began. This process started in December and five TBMs were completed before the start of the 1978 spray season. These were:

Registration Old No. New No.
GFPM #21 #21
GFPT #30 #10
GFPS #32 #3
GLEF #27 #8
GFPR #72 #4

On July 4, the painting program was continued and all remaining TBMs plus the Harvard were completed. The numbers changed as follows:

Registration Old No. New No. Registration Old No. New No.
FIMI #601 #1 GFPQ #68 #15
FIMK #602 #2 FKCM #616 #16
FIMN #606 #5 GFPN #74 #17
GLEM #A6 #6 FMUE #618 #18
FAGN #607 #7 GFPO #97 #19
FKCL #609 #9 GLEH #33 #20
GLEP #A11 #11 GFPL #22 #22
FMUD #612 #12 FIMR #25 #23
GLEL #A13 #13 GLEJ #24 #24
GLEK #A12 #14

GLEN #A14 was not renumbered as it crashed on June 21. FPL was now the proud owner of TBMs numbered 1 to 24.

TBMs ready for painting, 1978.

TBMs ready for painting, 1978.

Stripping and repainting TBMs at Fredericton, 1978.

Stripping and repainting TBMs at Fredericton, 1978.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1978 for the aerial spray program (old numbers). Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
BLISSVILLE
Raccoon – Lead 25 C-FIMR Tall FPL
2 33 C-GLEH Vallee FPL
3 24 C-GLEJ Jausseran + Wood FPL
Whiskey – Lead 10 C-GFPT McKnight FPL
2 4 C-GFPR Gomany FPL
3 8 C-GLEF Furry FPL
Playboy – Lead 1 C-FIMK Koerfgen FPL
2 5 C-FIMN Westinghouse FPL
3 2 C-FIMI Hopping FPL
Jughead – Lead 9 C-FKCL Atkins FPL
2 12 C-FMUD Houghton + Bisson FPL
3 3 C-GFPS Wells FPL
Firefly – Lead 7 C-FAGN Archer FPL
2 16 C-FKCM Jewers FPL
3 18 C-FMUE Guindon FPL
JUNIPER
Brandy – Lead 22 C-GFPL Harrington FPL
2 1 C-FBEG Kelly Hicks & Lawrence
3 18 C-FXOM Germaine Hicks & Lawrence
Tiger – Lead B16 C-GOEG Ragany Norfolk
2 B19 C-GOBK Zwarts (fatality) Norfolk
3 B15 C-GOBJ Harrison Norfolk
Zebra – Lead B20 C-FAYG Woods Norfolk
2 B17 C-FAXS Farrell Norfolk
3 B18 C-GLDX Gilland Norfolk
SEVOGLE
Donkey – Lead A14 C-GLEN Inman FPL
2 A12 C-GLEK Kirschke FPL
3 17 C-GFPN Payton (Lapham) FPL
Billygoat – Lead A13 C-GLEL Demming FPL
2 A11 C-GLEP Greene FPL
3 A6 C-GLEM Porter + Garon FPL
Ping Pong – Lead 97 C-GFPO Laird FPL
2 21 C-GFPM Lapham (Payton) FPL
3 68 C-GFPQ Wall FPL
clip_image028

Eight TBMs at Blissville, 1978.

clip_image030

The Firefly team loading: TBM #616 (middle) and #618 FMUE (foreground) and likely #607 FAGN (lead), Boston Brook, June 1978.

clip_image032

TBM #15 with others of the team at Boston Brook, 1978: (l to r) #5 FIMN, #15 GFPQ and #7 FAGN.

1979

Sources for this list of pilots and aircraft were the 1979 FPL Annual Report and a typed and annotated list (several versions). A total of 30 TBMs were operated in NB during the spray program. GLEL #13 was contracted to J.D. Irving for herbiciding in the Juniper – Boston Brook area during the week of August 20.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1979 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
BLISSVILLE
Whiskey – Lead 16 CF-KCM Wells FPL
2 21 (later used as spare) C-GFPM Hyland FPL
3 19 (later used as spare) C-GFPO Abbott FPL
Playboy – Lead 1 CF-IMI Koerfgen FPL
2 12 CF-MUD Bisson / Wood FPL
3 20 C-GLEH Wilson FPL
Firefly – Lead 7 CF-AGN Archer FPL
2 5 CF-IMN Jewers FPL
3 2 CF-IMK Gomany FPL
BOSTON BROOK
Raccoon – Lead 23 C-FIMR Tall FPL
2 24 C-GLEJ Vallee FPL
3 3 C-GFPS Guidon FPL
Ping Pong – Lead 4 C-GFPR Laird FPL
2 18 CF-MUE Willett FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Verreault FPL
Jughead – Lead GFPQ moved to Billygoat Team after crash of GLEM
2 10 C-GFPT Garon FPL
3 8 C-GLEF Clayton FPL
SEVOGLE
Billygoat – Lead 13 C-GLEL Demming FPL
2 11 C-GLEP Greene FPL
3 6 C-GLEM McLean FPL
3 15 (moved from Jughead Team after crash) C-GFPQ Wall + McLean FPL
Tiger – Lead 17 C-GFPN Inman FPL
2 B15 C-GOBJ Harrison Norfolk
3 B17 C-GOEG Provenzano Norfolk
Brandy – Lead 22 C-GFPL Harrington FPL
2 1 CF-BEG Kelly Hicks & Lawrence
3 18 C-FXOM Germaine + Martindale Hicks & Lawrence
Zebra – Lead B20 C-FAYG Wood Norfolk
2 B18 C-GLDX Gilland Norfolk
3 B17 C-FAXS Farrell Norfolk
clip_image034

The 22 remaining FPL TBMs on display at the Fredericton Airport, 1979.

clip_image036

Firefly Team l to r: #607 (FAGN), #605 (FIMN) and #602 (FIMK), Blissville airstrip, 1979.

clip_image038

18 TBMs at Blissville, 1979.

TBMs at stored Fredericton, 1979.

TBMs at stored Fredericton, 1979.

1980

A list titled Team List – 1980, dated 19 May, is the source for this 1980 assignment list of pilots and teams. A total of 28 TBMs were operated in NB during the spray program. The teams worked out of 4 airstrips: Brockway, Chipman, Boston Brook and Sevogle.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1980 for the aerial spray program.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
BROCKWAY
Brandy – Lead 2 CF-IMK Harrington FPL
2 5 CF-IMN Jewers FPL
3 1 CF-IMI Hyland FPL
Firefly – Lead 7 CF-AGN Archer FPL
2 6 CF-KCM Farrell FPL
3 2 CF-MUD Fenwick FPL
Jughead – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 19 C-GFPO Hyslop FPL
3 20 C-GLEH Wilson FPL
Whiskey – Lead 15 C-GFPQ McKnight FPL
2 18 CF-MUE Gamble FPL
3 10 C-GFPT McLean FPL
SEVOGLE
Tiger – Lead B16 C-GOEG Provenzano Norfolk
2 B15 C-GOBJ Dunn Norfolk
No third TBM in this team
Zebra – Lead B20 C-FAYG Wood Norfolk
2 B18 C-GLDX Gilland Norfolk
No third TBM in this team
CHIPMAN
Donkey – Lead 7 C-GFPN Inman FPL
2 14 C-GLEK Kirschke FPL
3 24 C-GLEJ Kelly FPL
Raccoon – Lead 23 C-FIMR Tall FPL
2 4 C-GFPR Haden FPL
3 3 C-GFPS Foote FPL
Billy Goat – Lead 11 C-GLEP Greene FPL
2 13 C-GLEL Roth FPL
3 8 C-GLEF Hutchings FPL
Ping Pong – Lead 18 C-FXOM Martindale Hicks & Lawrence
2 22 C-GFPL Gossett FPL
3 1 C-FBEG Brechin Hicks & Lawrence
TBM fleet stored at FPL, 1980.

TBM fleet stored at FPL, 1980.

1981

A six-page typed list dated 13 June 1981 is the source for the 1981 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 32 TBMs were used in the 1981 spray program, including 4 from the USA, the first US TBMs used in New Brunswick since 1972. These US TBMs were called in this year because of a shortage of Canadian aircraft. The teams worked out of airstrips Brockway, Juniper, Boston Brook, Charlo and Dunphy.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1981 for the aerial spray program.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
JUNIPER
Zebra – Lead B18 C-GLDX Gilland Norfolk
2 B16 C-GOEG Cliff Norfolk
3 B15 C-GOBJ Leblanc Norfolk
Donkey – Lead 17 C-GFPN Inman FPL
2 24 C-GLEJ Kelly FPL
3 22 C-GFPL Annis FPL
CHARLO
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 19 C-GFPO Hyslop FPL
3 20 C-GLEH Wilson FPL
Raccoon – Lead 23 C-FIMR Marcoux FPL
2 4 C-GFPR Haden FPL
3 3 C-GFPS Guindon FPL
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 11 C-GLEP Provenzano FPL
3 16 C-FKCM Farrell FPL
DUNPHY
Jughead – Lead 33Z N9433Z Bumgarner + Cusic Stewart
2 47C N6447C Harbison Stewart
No third TBM in this team
Ping Pong – Lead 18 C-FMUE Gamble FPL
2 27C N6827C Muszala Stewart
3 97H N8397H Kirschke Stewart
BOSTON BROOK
Brandy – Lead 2 C-FIMK Harrington FPL
2 10 C-GFPT McLean FPL
3 5 C-FIMN Casselman FPL
Tiger – Lead 18 C-FXOM Brechin Hicks & Lawrence
2 1 C-FBEG McKinnon Hicks & Lawrence
3 B20 C-FAYG Harrison Norfolk
Fire Fly – Lead 1 C-FIMI Hutchings FPL
2 8 C-GLEF Hiebert FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Hyland FPL
Whiskey – Lead 12 C-FMUD Fenwick FPL
2 7 C-FAGN Hopping FPL
3 15 C-GFPQ Fair FPL
clip_image040

FPL’s fleet of 30 TBMs and other airon display at the Fredericton Airport, 25 June, 1981

clip_image042

Whiskey Team l to r: #15 GFPQ, #7 FAGN, #12 FMUD, and #5 FIMN at Boston Brook, 1981.

clip_image044

The Donkey team parked at Juniper airstrip, June 1981: (l to r) #22 GFPL, #24 GLEJ and #17 GFPN. The yellow TBMs belong to Norfolk Aviation.

clip_image046

TBMs and other aircraft at Boston Brook, June 1981.

clip_image048

Fleet of 21 TBMs at Fredericton Airport, 1981.

TBMs at Charlo Airport, 1981.

TBMs at Charlo Airport, 1981.

1982

A five-page typed list dated 14 June 1982 is the source for the 1982 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 33 TBMs were used in the 1982 spray program, including 5 from the USA, the first US TBMs used in New Brunswick since 1972. These US TBMs were called in this year because of a shortage of Canadian aircraft. The teams worked out of 6 airstrips: Brockway, Juniper, Boston Brook, Charlo, Sevogle and Dunphy.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1979 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
CHARLO
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 19 C-GFPO Hyslop FPL
3 20 C-GLEH Guindon FPL
Whiskey – Lead 7 C-FAGN Hopping FPL
2 18 C-FMUE Fair FPL
3 12 C-FMUD Fenwick FPL
DUNPHY
Donkey- Lead 33Z N9433Z Cusic Stewart
2 97H N8397H Kirschke Stewart
27C was 3rd for part of year 27C N6827C Potter Stewart
Jughead – Lead 47C N6447C Craig Stewart
2 67A N3967A Watson Stewart
No third TBM in this team
BOSTON BROOK
Brandy – Lead 16 C-FKCM Harrington FPL
2 22 C-GFPL Annis FPL
3 5 C-FIMN Kelly FPL
Firefly – Lead 1 C-FIMI Hutchings FPL
2 24 C-GLEJ Hiebert FPL
3 2 C-FIMK Garon FPL
Ping Pong – Lead 10 C-GFPT Gamble FPL
2 8 C-GLEF Harrison FPL
3 18 C-GFPN Inman FPL
3 15 C-GFPQ McLean (fatality) FPL
SEVOGLE
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 11 C-GLEP Provenzano FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Hyland FPL
Raccoon – Lead 23 C-FIMR Marcoux FPL
2 3 C-GFPS Tall FPL
3 4 C-GFPR Haden FPL
Tiger – Lead 18 C-FXOM Brechin Hicks & Lawrence
2 B15 C-GOBJ Leblanc Norfolk
3 1 C-FBEG McKinnon Hicks & Lawrence
Zebra – Lead B18 C-GLDX Gilland Norfolk
2 B16 C-GOEG Cliff Norfolk
3 B20 C-FAYG Farrell Norfolk
clip_image050

Two-thirds of the Raccoon Team at Sevogle, 1982: #23 FIMR and #4 GFPR.

1983

A six-page typed list dated 6 June 1983 is the source for the 1983 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 27 TBMs were used in the 1983 spray program. The teams worked out of 6 airstrips: Brockway, Boston Brook, Charlo, Chipman, Sevogle and Dunphy.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1983 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
BOSTON BROOK
Firefly – Lead 1 C-FIMI Archer FPL
2 24 C-GLEJ Hiebert FPL
3 2 C-FIMK McIlwaine FPL
Ping Pong – Lead 17 C-GFPN Inman FPL
2 8 C-GLEF Harrison FPL
3 10 C-GFPT Gamble FPL
DUNPHY
Tiger – Lead 18 C-FXOM Brechin Hicks & Lawrence
2 1 C-FBEG McKinnon Hicks & Lawrence
3 B15 C-GOBJ Leblanc Norfolk
Zebra – Lead B18 C-GLDX Gilland Norfolk
2 B16 C-GOEG Maike Norfolk
3 B20 (later replaced by B15) C-FAYG Farrell Norfolk
SEVOGLE
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 3 C-GFPS Lavigne FPL
3 19 C-GFPO Hyslop FPL
Whiskey – Lead 18 C-FMUE Fair FPL
2 7 C-FAGN Hopping FPL
3 12 C-FMUD Fenwick FPL
Raccoon – Lead 23 C-FIMR Marcoux FPL
2 20 C-GLEH Martindale FPL
3 4 C-GFPR White FPL
CHIPMAN
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 11 C-GLEP Provenzano FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Hyland FPL
CHARLO
Brandy – Lead 16 C-FKCM Harrington FPL
2 22 C-GFPL Annis FPL
3 5 C-FIMN Kelly FPL
clip_image052

Brandy Team at Brockway, 1983: #16 FKCM, #22 GFPL and #5 FIMN.

clip_image054

The Brandy team at Brockway, 1983. #16 is third from left, and the others are #22 GFPL and #5 FIMN.

clip_image056

Raccoon Team, 1983: #23 FIMR, #20 GLEH and #4 GFPR. Location, possibly Brockway, New Brunswick. Left to right, Tom Martindale, Ian White, Claude Marcoux. [Ian White]

1984

A four-page typed list dated 25 May 1984 is the source for the 1984 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 21 TBMs were used in the 1984 spray program, including two from Hicks and Lawrence of Ontario. This was the last year that FPL contracted TBMs from other companies. The teams worked out of 4 airstrips: Brockway, Boston Brook, Sevogle and Dunphy.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1984 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
DUNPHY
Tiger – Lead 16 C-FKCM Harrington FPL
2 18 C-FXOM Brechin Hicks & Lawrence
3 1 C-FBEG McKinnon Hicks & Lawrence
Brandy – Lead 22 C-GFPL Annis FPL
2 11 C-GLEP Provenzano FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Hyland FPL
BOSTON BROOK
Whiskey – Lead 18 C-FMUE Fair FPL
2 20 C-GLEH Martindale FPL
3 24 C-GLEJ Westinghouse FPL
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 23 C-FIMR Furey FPL
3 8 C-GLEF Popert FPL
SEVOGLE
Firefly – Lead 1 C-FIMI Archer FPL
2 2 C-FIMK Koerfgen FPL
3 5 C-FIMN Hutchings FPL
BROCKWAY
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 17 C-GFPN Soden FPL
3 10 C-GFPT Wilkie FPL
Raccoon – Lead 3 C-GFPS Lavigne FPL
2 4 C-GFPR Haden FPL
3 12 C-FMUD Pugh FPL
clip_image058

Firefly team at Sevogle, 1984, l to r: #2 (FIMK), #1 (FIMI) and #5 (FIMN).

1985

A three-page typed list dated 11 June 1985 is the source for the 1985 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 12 FPL TBMs were used in the 1985 spray program. The teams worked out of 3 airstrips: Brockway, Boston Brook and Sevogle.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1985 for the aerial spray program.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
SEVOGLE
Firefly – Lead 12 C-FMUD Archer FPL
2 4 C-GFPR Garon FPL
3 24 C-GLEJ Westinghouse FPL
Raccoon – Lead 3 C-GFPS Lavigne FPL
2 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
3 18 C-FMUE Fair FPL
Brandy – Lead 22 C-GFPL Annis FPL
2 23 C-FIMR Furey FPL
3 16 C-FKCM Popert FPL
BOSTON BROOK
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 20 C-GLEH Provenzano FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Hyland FPL
clip_image060

The Brandy team at Brockway, 1985: (l to r) #16 FKCM, #23 FIMR and #22 GFPL.

clip_image062

Firefly team at Sevogle, 1985: #24 GLEJ, #4 GFPR and #12 FMUD.

clip_image064

TBM #22 and Brandy team in pits, Brockway, 1985.

clip_image066

TBMs #20 GLEH and #21 GFPM, part of the Poker team, Boston Brook, 1985.

clip_image068

Firefly Team, #4 (GFPR) and #12 (FMUD), and Brandy Team, #3 (GFPS), #13 (GLEL) and #18 (FMUE) parked at Sevogle NB, 1985.

clip_image070

Part of Brandy Team, TBMs #3 GFPS and #18 FMUE, Sevogle NB, 1985.

1986

A three-page typed list dated 30 May 1986 is the source for the 1986 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 9 FPL TBMs were used in the 1986 spray program. The teams worked out of 3 airstrips: Brockway, Boston Brook and Sevogle.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1986 for the aerial spray program.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
BOSTON BROOK
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 18 C-FMUE Furey FPL
3 22 C-GFPL Wilkie FPL
SEVOGLE
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 20 C-GLEH Provenzano FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Popert FPL
Raccoon – Lead 3 C-GFPS Lavigne FPL
2 4 C-GFPR Garon FPL
3 12 C-FMUD Archer FPL
clip_image072

The Poker team airborne, 1986: #14 GLEK, #21 GFPM and #20 GLEH.

An almost perfect formation, probably 1986.

An almost perfect formation, probably 1986.

1987

A three-page typed list dated 28 May 1987 is the source for the 1987 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 9 FPL TBMs were used in the 1988 spray program. The teams worked out of 2 airstrips: Dunphy and Boston Brook.

Figure 2. TBMs #12 FMUD and #20 GLEH spraying over woodland, 1987. The cleared area is a recently harvested block.

Figure 2. TBMs #12 FMUD and #20 GLEH spraying over woodland, 1987. The cleared area is a recently harvested block.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1987 for the aerial spray program. Red entries indicate aircraft that crashed.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
BOSTON BROOK
Raccoon – Lead 12 C-FMUD Lavigne FPL
2 20 C-GLEH Garon (fatality) FPL
3 18 C-FMUE Wilkie FPL
DUNPHY
Zebra – Lead 13  C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 14 C-GLEK Popert FPL
3 4 C-GFPR Archer FPL
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 22 C-GFPL Provenzano FPL
3 3 C-GFPS McKinnon FPL
clip_image074

Raccoon Team flying, 1987, taken from lead TBM #12 FMUD by John Lavigne; the others are #20 GLEH (Paul Garon) and #18 FMUE (Dale Wilkie).

clip_image076

TBMs stored for winter at FPL, Fredericton, 1987. The other TBMs are #20 GLEH (rear), #14 GLEK, #21 GFPM and #18 FMUE.

1988

A typed list dated 27 May 1988 is the source for the 1988 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 12 FPL TBMs were used in the 1988 spray program. The teams worked out of 2 airstrips: Sevogle and Boston Brook.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1988 for the aerial spray program.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
BOSTON BROOK
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 24 C-GLEJ Haden FPL
3 10 C-GFPT Ragany FPL
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 22 C-GFPL Provenzano FPL
3 14 C-GLEK McIlwaine FPL
SEVOGLE
Raccoon – Lead 12 C-FMUD Lavigne FPL
2 18 C-FMUE Wilkie FPL
3 4 C-GFPR Archer FPL
Tiger – Lead 3 C-GFPS McKinnon FPL
2 23 C-FIMR Hyland FPL
3 17 C-GFPN Koerfgen FPL

clip_image078

1989

A typed list dated 25 May 1989 is the source for the 1989 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 12 FPL TBMs were used in the 1989 spray program. The teams worked out of 2 airstrips: Sevogle and Boston Brook.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1989 for the aerial spray program.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Raccoon – Lead 12 C-FMUD Lavigne FPL
2 18 C-FMUE Wilkie FPL
3 10 C-GFPT Archer FPL
Tiger – Lead 3 C-GFPS McKinnon FPL
2 23 C-FIMR Hyland FPL
3 17 C-GFPN Soden FPL
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 22 C-GFPL Provenzano FPL
3 14 C-GLEK McIlwaine FPL
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 24 C-GLEJ Haden FPL
3 4 C-GFPR Ragany FPL

1990

A typed list dated 31 May 1990 is the source for the 1990 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 12 FPL TBMs were used in the 1990 spray program. The teams worked out of 2 airstrips: Sevogle and Charlo.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1990 for the aerial spray program.
AIRSTRIP Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
CHARLO
Poker – Lead 21 C-GFPM Gomany FPL
2 14 C-GLEK McIlwaine FPL
3 10 C-GFPT Fotheringham FPL
Tiger – Lead 3 C-GFPS McKinnon FPL
2 23 C-FIMR Hyland FPL
3 17 C-GFPN Soden FPL
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wood FPL
2 24 C-GLEJ Haden FPL
3 4 C-GFPR Wilkie FPL
SEVOGLE
Raccoon – Lead 12 C-FMUD Lavigne FPL
2 18 C-FMUE Archer FPL
Spare 22 GFPL FPL

1991

A typed list dated 7 June 1991 is the source for the 1991 list of TBM pilots and teams. A total of 9 FPL TBMs were used in the 1991 spray program, and worked out of several airstrips.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1991 for the aerial spray program.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Mustang – Lead 13 C-GLEL Wilkie FPL
2 3 C-GFPS Haden FPL
3 4 C-GFPR Popert FPL
Tiger – Lead 10 C-GFPT Soden FPL
2 14 C-GLEK McIlwaine FPL
3 21 C-GFPM Fotheringham FPL
Raccoon – Lead 12 C-FMUD Ragany FPL
2 18 C-FMUE Archer FPL
Spare 17 C-GFPN FPL

I worked as a spotter/pointer out of Sevogle in ’90, and ‘91, it was one of the best jobs I’ve ever had. My father was an aviation nut growing up as a kid at several RCAF bases which meant my brother and I were raised reading about aviation and especially WWII aircraft, so I was lucky enough to realize it at the time I worked at Sevogle that I was watching something very unique and special and I’d likely never see anything like it again. One of my lasting memories, there are many, but this one sticks out: I had the night off or maybe we had finished early but in any event I was on the ground when the TBM teams were starting to come in, it was getting to be dusk and the exhaust stacks were making a really nice blue flame when the pilots pulled the throttle back upon flaring; the last team to come in was flying cross-field which was normally around 1000ft AGL, but occasionally they didn’t do this and this team came in cross-field tree top over the [trees], full throttle in a nice tight formation…..it was beautiful. It was a fun time despite the early mornings and late nights in the map room, I’m glad I was lucky enough to see it all in action. Pete Russell, Golden, BC, October 26, 2011

clip_image080

The Tiger team at Sevogle (?), June 1991: #14, #21 GFPM, #10 GFPT and #13 GLEL.

1992

A typed list is the source for the 1992 list of TBM pilots and teams; the team names were not shown on this list. A total of 7 FPL TBMs were used in the 1992 spray program and worked out of several airstrips.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1992 for the aerial spray program. The teams were apparently not assigned names this year.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Lead 17 C-GFPN Soden FPL
2 13 C-GLEL McIlwaine FPL
3 14 C-GLEK Fotheringham FPL
Lead 4 C-GFPR Popert FPL
2 12 C-FMUD Hutchings FPL
3 18 C-FMUE Archer FPL

1993

A typed list dated 13 May 1993 is the source for the 1993 list of TBM pilots and teams. Three FPL TBMs were used in the 1993 spray program (based at Sevogle airstrip). This was the last year that TBMs were used for aerial insect control in NB.

TBM teams that flew in New Brunswick in 1993 for the aerial spray program.
Team/Position Project (TBM) No. Registration Pilot Company
Tiger – Lead 12 C-FMUD Soden FPL
2 13 C-GLEL Popert FPL
3 18 C-FMUE McIlwaine FPL
Spare 10 C-GFPT FPL
An article from The Time-Transcript (Moncton, NB) dated 13 October 1992 states that the old Avengers are still effective and air-worthy.

An article from The Time-Transcript (Moncton, NB) dated 13 October 1992 states that the old Avengers are still effective and air-worthy.

13 responses to “Pilots and Teams: Aerial Spray Program – 1958 To 1993

  1. I was a pointer with Ringtail Team in Manawaki and Lac des Loup in 1972, and clearly remember Bob Smeed. If I remember correctly, we had about a week to go to the end of the project and his retirement from spraying when he went down. I also remember being part of the ground crew that rushed to the scene, and of watching the recovery helicopter descend into a clearing just a little wider than the rotors – it was impressive flying. My pilot was Mike Nolan, and I often wondered what became of him. Ross Seeley and I delivered a C-172 to Cedars at the end of the project – he was killed not long after at a rail crossing accident near his home in New Brunswick. I also remember the night we met a man who was reported to be the first man to climb Mt Everest – Sir Edmund Hillary – at the remote resort a few miles from the airstrip. Still not sure if it was the real guy. I do know we saw and heard a lot of things that didn’t really exist as we walked in the dark back to the airfield. There was a DC-6 at Lac des Loup for a while. We could see the start-up smoke from miles away. Sorry for the disjointed rambling – one memory triggered another …………

  2. My dad was Ray Greene, pilot (A11) of the Billy Goat group during the 60’s and 70’s. Thank you for maintaining this page so I can read the history of the TBM’s in Canada.

  3. What is the history of Lac des Loups airstrip in Parc la Verendrye in Quebec?

  4. The photo of Racoon team in 1983 was indeed taken at Brockway during May of that year

  5. Bert Archer lives in Port McNicol last I heard saw him at a funeral in Parry Sound 5 or more years

  6. This brings back memories from budworm season 1972 at Lac des Loups where Bob Smeed had his accident. John Hansen was strip boss at that time,and John and to the best of my knowledge a doctor from Maniwaki who came in with the chopper loaded Bob’s remains on the chopper. Joe Mermuys

  7. Hello Chris,
    Having posted something on the “Spruce Budworm Pilots and Aircraft ————-” section, early this month. I suggested that anyone who flew – or was otherwise involved – on the ’65 Stearman operation, in NB and QB, might like to respond. I can’t imagine why my entry hasn’t generated an answer, as my fond memories of the places and people just don’t seem that old. Maybe fifty years is a long time.
    Regards

  8. Hello I am trying to locate a pilot by the name of Bert Archer. He once worked with my father and I on a mission to try to reconnect them….any information would be appreciated….anything that would help me with my search. Thank you!

    • Hi Tanya, I posted your comment on the FB site FPL Alumni, https://www.facebook.com/groups/18207657968/. Maybe someone will respond.

    • Hello Tanya, I am a bit skeptical that this information will help you in any way, however, my husband (Harold Hawes) and I were at a fairground in Central Ontario (Elmvale, I believe) around the year 1992. As we were strolling around, Harold recognized Bert who was also there and stopped to chat. I believe they had not seen each other since the spray program in the late 60’s so they had a lot to catch up on. It was the one and only time I had ever met Bert myself and we never connected with him again. I believe he said he was living somewhere in that area at that time… A lot of changes can occur in 22 years of course so as mentioned, this info may be of no use to you since it was so long ago. Good luck with your search.

    • Emily Eisenberg

      I am Bert Archers granddaughter. I am sad to inform you he passed away June 18th, 2016. I am looking for photos of him in his younger years. If you have any, if you could please email them to me at guardianemily@gmail.com it would greatly be appreciated. Thank you.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s